The four Modules in this Component document and explain the birth, infancy, and early stages of the OBE movement, which initially unfolded in the USA and Canada. These breakthroughs emanated from the pioneering theoretical and applied work of Professors John Carroll and Benjamin Bloom in the 1960’s. These Modules carefully describe and explain:
How the Carroll and Bloom frameworks challenged many deeply entrenched, disempowering features of conventional education
How their work was translated into OBE’s defining philosophy operational principles How those principles shaped a set of practices that induced major changes and improvements in all key aspects of instruction and assessment
How those improvements, in turn, greatly expanded what were called the ‘Conditions of Success’, which further elevated student learning success dramatically
Why limitations inherent in Bloom’s model were eventually discovered, which opened the door to OBE’s ultimate paradigm-shift: The defining of learning ‘Outcomes’!